Namma Karnataka

Karnataka with its rich heritage leaving memories with monuments that represented the glory from the rulers to empires.

Aluru Venkata Rao was the first person who dreamt of unifying the State as early as 1905 with the Karnataka Ekikarana movement.

The Kadambas are considered the earliest indigenous rulers of Karnataka. Its founder was Mayurasharma and its most powerful ruler was Kakusthavarma.

Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganization Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973.

After India's independence, the Maharaja, Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar, allowed his kingdom's accession to India. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state.

Ekikarana Movement, Kodagu- and Kannada-speaking regions from the adjoining states of Madras, Hyderabad and Bombay were incorporated into the Mysore state, under the States Reorganisation Act of 1956. Thus expanded state was renamed Karnataka, seventeen years later, in 1973.

In the ancient times Karnataka was known as Karunadu which means elevated land or high plateau.

Karnataka is a state in southwest India with Arabian Sea coastlines. The capital, Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), is a high-tech hub known for its shopping and nightlife. To the southwest, Mysore is home to lavish temples including Mysore Palace.

Districts in Karnataka

  • Bagalkote
  • Davanagere
  • Koppal
  • Bangalore
  • Dharwad
  • Mandya
  • Bijapur
  • Gadag
  • Mysuru
  • Belagavi
  • Gulbarga
  • Raichur
  • Ballari
  • Hassan
  • Ramanagara
  • Chamarajanagar
  • Haveri
  • Shivamogga
  • Chikkaballapur
  • Kodagu
  • Tumakuru
  • Chikkamagaluru
  • Kolar
  • Udupi
  • Dakshina Kannada

Culture and Tradition

Yakshagana, a classical folk play, is one of the major theatrical forms of coastal Karnataka. Contemporary theatre culture in Karnataka is one of the most vibrant in India with organizations like Ninasam, Ranga Shankara and Rangayana active on foundations laid down by the Gubbi Veeranna Nataka Company. Veeragase, Kamsale and Dollu Kunitha are popular dance forms. Bharatanatya also enjoys wide patronage in Karnataka.

Karnataka has been the preferred sanctuary for a myriad of religions and faiths. Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and Christianity are the major religions in Karnataka.

Myth of Karnataka

    1. Karnataka (HUBLI) is the only state to have an official permission to manufacture and supply Indian flags.
    2. Gomateshwara Statue at Shravanabelagola is one of the largest monolithic (18 meter high) statues in the world,situated on the top of Shravanabelagola hill.(HASSAN)
    3. Natural park of Bandipur Wildlife sanctuary is 80 km from Mysore.
    4. Uttara Kannada is the largest district of Karnataka by area. Bengaluru urban district is largest by population.
    5. Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur has the second largest pre-modern dome just after Byzantine Hagia Sophia.
    6. Karnataka is one of the biggest Coffee exporters of India
    7. Karnataka’s biggest Railway Station is Krantivira Sangolli Rayanna (Bangalore).
    8. Murudeshwar Town is famous for the world’s second-tallest Shiva statue.(KARWAR)
    9. Basavakalyan town in Bidar District is home to one of the world’s tallest statue of Basavanna measuring 108 feet.
    10. Mango is grown in about 20,000 hectares in Srinivaspur taluk alone while it is about 10,000 hectares in Mulbagal.
    11. Mullayyanagiri (in western ghat) is the Highest peak of Karnataka with an altitude of 1930 m.
    12. Karnataka borders with 6 states – Goa in west, Maharashtra in north, Telangana in northeast, Andhra Pradesh in east, Tamil Nadu in southeast and Kerala in southwest.
    13. The two important river system are i) Krishna and tributaries, ii) Cauvery and tributaries.
    14. Karnataka accounts for 59 % of total Coffee production and 47 % of ragi production. The state accounts for 85 % of raw silk produced in the country.
    15. Sandal soap and sandal oil are renowned in world market.
    16. Mineral Resources of Karnataka – Iron Ore, Copper, Chromite, magnesite, corundum, garnet, limestone.
    17. Main industries of Karnataka – Aircraft, Electronics, Software, telecom equipment, alloy steel, machine tools, watches, porcelain etc.
    18. Main agricultural products – rice, jowar, bajra, ragi, maize, ground nut, sunflower, mulberry, coconut etc.
    19. Five working civilian commercial airports in Karnataka. Located in Bangalore, Mangalore, Belgaum, Hubli-Dharwad and Mysore. Bangalore and Mangalore also have international airports along with domestic one.
    20. HAL airport, Jakkur airport and Yelahanka air force station of Bangalore are military airbases.
    21. Important Mountains of Karnataka – Western Ghats, Chitradurga Hills, Biligiri Rangan Hills, Nandi Hills, Badami Hills, Gokak Hills.

Quick Basic Myth of Karnataka

Capital : Bangalore
Official Language : Kannada
Lattitude & Longitude : 15.3173° N, 75.7139°E
Area : 7th
Population : 6,11,30,704
Population Rank : 8th
Population Density : 320 /Sq Km
Sex Ratio : 973
Females : per 1000 Males
Literacy Rate : 75.6 %
No. of Districts : Kannada
Assembly and Council seat : 224 + 75 (Bicameral)
Lok Sabha seats : 28
Rajya Sabha seats : 12
Created on : 1 Nov, 1956
First Chief Minister : K Chengalaraya Reddy
First Governor
: Jayachamrajendra Wodeyar
Highest peak : Mullayyanagiri (in western ghat)

State Symbols of Karnataka

State Tree : Sandalwood
State Flower : Lotus
State Animal : Asian Elephant
State Bird : Indian Roller
State Dance : Yakhsgan
State Language : Kannada
State Emblem : Gandaberunda (two headed mythological bird)
State Flag : Is a bi-coloured flag identified with Karnataka,
  Kannadigas and the Kannada language.
State Song : Jaya BharataJananiya Tanujate by KUVEMPU.

Festivals of Karnataka

 Deepavali
 Vairamudi Brahmotsava
 Karnataka Rajyotsava
 Mysore Dasara
 Naga Panchami
 Ganesha Shlokas
 Kambala Festival
 Mahashivaratri
 Gowri Festival
 Groundnut Festival Bangalore
 Hampi Festival or Vijaya Utsava
 Makara Sankranti : A new Beginning.
 Krishna Janmashtami : Celebrating the Birth of Lord Krishna.
 Karaga Festival : A Demonstration of the Rich Cultural and
                            Religious Heritage of Karnataka.
 Kambala : A Traditional Celebration in Rural Karnataka.
 Ayudha Puja : Worshiping of Tools and Weaponries
 Mahamastakabhisheka : Celebrating the Lord’s Glory
 Ugadi : Celebration of the Kannada New Year
 Vaikuntha Ekadashi : The Legend and Rituals
 Dasara Doll Festival : Significance and History
 Ganesha Chaturthi : Celebrate Lord Ganesha
 Varamahalakshmi Festival : Celebrate in Joy

Hydro Electric Projects in Karnataka

Name District Basin
Almatti Hydroelectric
Project
Vijayapur(Bijapur) Krishna
Bhadra Hydroelectric
Project
Chickmagalur Krishna
Ghatprabha Hydroelectric
Project
Belgaum Krishna
Harangi Hydroelectric
Project
Kodagu Kaveri (Cauvery)
Kabini Mysuru Kaveri (Cauvery)
Kalinadi Hydroelectric
Project
Uttara Kannada West flowing rivers from
Tapi to Tadri
Mallapur Hydroelectric
Project
Raichur Krishna
Munirabad Hydroelectric
Project
Koppal Krishna
Narayanpur Lbc
Hydroelectric Project
Vijayapur(Bijapur) Krishna
Seshadhri Iyer
(Sivasamudram)
Hydroelectric
Mandya Kaveri (Cauvery)
Sharavathy Valley
Hydroelectric Project
Shimoga, Uttar Kannada West flowing rivers from
Tadri to Kanyakumari
Shivpur Hydroelectric
Project
Raichur Krishna
Simshapura Hydroelectric
project
Mandya Kaveri (Cauvery)
Tungabhadra
Hydroelectric Project
Varahi Hydroelectric
Project
Bellary Krishna
West flowing rivers from
Tadri to Kanyakumari
Varahi Hydroelectric
Project
Raichur, Udupi West flowing rivers from
Tadri to Kanyakumari

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